Products from Israeli settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories are not subject to the free trade agreement because they are not considered Israeli. A joint committee of the EFTA states and Israel oversees the implementation of the free trade agreement (Articles 26 and 27). A highlight of 2009 was the conclusion of an agricultural agreement between the EU and Israel. On 4 November 2009, the EC and Israel signed the new agreement on reciprocal liberalisation measures for agricultural products, processed agricultural products and fish and fisheries products. It came into force on January 1, 2010. Negotiations on the opening of additional agricultural trade between the EU and Israel were concluded in 2008 and the agreement has been in force since January 2010. Israel responded to this initiative by stating that it would not sign future agreements with the EU until it could “clarify” its position that no Israeli organisation could cooperate beyond the Green Line or receive EU funds.  The 2010 judgment of the European Court of Justice in the Brita case confirmed that products originating in the West Bank cannot receive preferential tariff treatment under the EC-Israel agreement and that, contrary to other allegations by the Israeli authorities, the UNION customs authorities are not binding. In its explanatory statement, the Court invoked the existence of two different and equal association agreements, one with Israel, which applies to the “territory of the State of Israel” and the other with the PLO and applies to the territory of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, as well as the general principle of international customary law, according to which a third party cannot be imposed without its consent. The Court of Justice concluded that the EC-Israel agreement could not be interpreted in such a way as to compel the Palestinian authorities to relinquish their right to exercise their jurisdiction under the EC-PLO agreement and, in particular, not to exercise the right to issue customs documents establishing proof of origin for goods manufactured in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. As a result, products originating in the West Bank do not fall within the territorial scope of the EC-Israel agreement and therefore cannot receive preferential treatment under that agreement.   Israel was the first non-European country to participate in the European Union`s Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (RDT). Israel`s special status is the result of its high scientific and research capabilities and the long-standing network of long-standing scientific and technical cooperation between Israel and the EU.
In July 2004, the European Commission signed an agreement with Israel to participate in the EU`s GALILEO project for a global satellite navigation system. Since 2014, Israel has been a member of the European Scientific Organization (CERN) and is the only non-European member. THE EFTA states signed a free trade agreement with Israel on 17 September 1992 in Geneva, Switzerland. The agreement came into force on January 1, 1993. Bilateral agricultural agreements were modernized and extended in Geneva on 22 November 2018.